Functional Biodiversity Loss Along Natural CO2 Gradients
Nuria Teixido, Maria Cristina Gambi, Valeriano Parravacini, Kristy Kroeker, Fiorenza Micheli, Sebastien Villeger, and Enric Ballesteros
Something peculiar is happening in the azure waters off the rocky cliffs of Ischia, Italy. There, streams of gas-filled volcanic bubbles rising up to the surface are radically changing life around them by making seawater acidic. Stanford researchers studying species living near these gassy vents have learned what it takes to survive in acidic waters, providing a glimpse of what future oceans might look like as they grow more acidic.
Their findings, published December 11 in Nature Communications, suggest that ocean acidification driven by human-caused carbon dioxide emissions could have a larger impact than previously thought.